Top 10 Missiles of Indian Armed Forces
India has been expanding its investments in the defense sector for a long time. We channel this investment primarily to research and development of missile systems, weapons and ammunition, transportation, etc.
Under the initiative of the government and the guidance of visionaries like Dr APJ Abdul Kalam, Indian missile systems have gained a global reputation as a force to be reckoned with.
In this blog, we are discussing the Top 10 Missiles of Indian Armed Forces. India is one of only seven countries to have an Inter-Continental Ballistic Missile (ICBM) capability. The fact that we are also one of the four countries to have an anti-ballistic missile (ABM) system is also a testament to the leap we have made in this area.
We have all kinds of missile systems, such as anti-ship, air-defense, ballistic, cruise, air-to-air and anti-missile systems. Here are the deadliest Indian missiles adding strength to our armed forces.
India’s only intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM), Agni-V has a range of about 5,000 km and its actual range can be increased to 8,000 km. The lethal missile is solid-fueled and is capable of carrying up to ten Multiple Independently Targetable Reentry Vehicles (MIRV), although the MIRV capability has not been fully tested.
The missile is 17.5–20 m long, 2-2.2 m wide and weighs 49,000–55,000 kg at launch. After seven test launches, the last of which was on 10 December 2018, we added the missile to our arsenal, though the Indian Army has been conducting user trials since then.
Agni V is a three-stage solid-fueled missile and has Ring Laser Gyroscope based inertial navigation system. Ms. Tessy Thomas, Defense Research and Development Organisation, was the Project Head of Agni-V.
DRDO and NPO Mashinostroyeniya (Russia) jointly developed this medium-range ramjet supersonic cruise missile through a joint corporation- BrahMos Aerospace. This name is a mixture of our Brahmaputra and Russia’s Moskva river. It is the world’s fastest cruise missile, and is capable of being launched from submarines, ships, airplanes or land. BrahMos Aerospace was established on 12 February 1998 and the missile was first test fired on 12 June 2001.
Several variants of BrahMos missiles are now part of our stockpile. The Block II surface-to-surface variant is the only supersonic cruise missile with an advanced capability of selecting a specific land target among a set of targets. The latest test of the extended range supersonic BrahMos missile was conducted on 30 September 2020.
BrahMos-A is a redesigned air-launched model of the missile with a range of 500 km that can be deployed as a standoff missile from the Sukhoi Su-30MKI. Several adjustments were made to reduce the missile’s weight to 2.55 tons, including using a smaller rocket, adding wings for post-launch air stability, and reconfiguring the connections. It can be launched from an altitude of 500 to 14,000 meters (1,640 to 46,000 ft). BrahMos Aerospace intended to deploy the missile to the Indian Air Force in 2015, where it would be armed with at least three squadrons. The Su-30MKI can carry only one BrahMos missile.
Prithvi III class is a two-stage surface-to-surface missile. The first stage is solid-fueled and has a thrust motor with a force of 16 metric tons (157 kN). The second stage is powered by liquid. The missile can carry a 1000 kg warhead to a range of 350 km, a 500 kg warhead to a range of 600 km and a 250 kg warhead to a range of 750 km.
Prithvi III was first test-fired in 2000 from the Sukanya-class patrol vessel INS Subhadra. The missile was launched from the newly strengthened helicopter deck of the ship. The first flight test of the 250 km (160 mi) version was only partially successful. In 2004, full operational testing was completed.
Agni-IV is the fourth missile in the Agni family, formerly known as Agni II Prime. It was built by India’s DRDO and showcased many new technologies and major advances in missile technology. The missile has a payload with two stages of solid propulsion and a re-entry heat shield. With a range of 3,500 to 4,000 km, it can strike targets almost across China when launched from India’s northeastern region.
With Agni-IV, DRDO developed and showcased several new technologies, including composite rocket motors, a very high accuracy Ring Laser Gyro based inertial navigation system, a micro navigation system, a digital controller system and a very powerful inbuilt Are included. computer system. Between Agni-II and Agni-III, Agni-IV fills the void. Agni IV can carry a warhead of 1 ton. This range is designed to improve kill efficiency while improving performance. It has a length of 20 meters and a launch weight of 17 tons. It can be launched from the mobile launcher on the road. Agni missiles are being fine-tuned to eliminate the Anti-Ballistic Missile System.
Prithvi Air Defense (PAD) / Pradyumna Ballistic Missile Interceptor
Prithvi Air Defense (PAD) is an anti-ballistic missile designed to engage incoming ballistic missiles outside the atmosphere. The PAD is a two-stage missile based on the Prithvi missile, which has an altitude of 80 km. The first stage uses a solid-fueled motor, while the second uses a liquid-fueled engine. It has maneuverable propellers that can create a lateral acceleration of more than 5 g at an altitude of 50 km. An internal navigation system provides guidance including mid-course updates via the LRTR and active radar homing in the final stages. pad 3,000 km. Capable of shooting down ballistic missiles with a firepower of 3,000 km.
Sagarika is an Indian submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM) with a range of 750 km. It uses a gas rocket to eject its launch platform and climb to the surface of the water. It has a range of about 750 km and a maximum altitude of 5 km. It was built at the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) missile facility in Hyderabad.
DRDO has developed this tactical ballistic missile with the intention of replacing Prithvi-1. Prahaar is a battlefield support tactical weapon system designed to be cost-effective, quick-reaction, all-weather, all-terrain and high-precision. The missile was developed by DRDO experts in less than two years. The short range tactical combat role that the Indian Army needs to deal with strategic and tactical threats is loaded with maneuverability, high acceleration, superior accuracy and fast speed. Six missiles will be carried on the mobile launch platform, which can be deployed in both stand-alone and canisterized modes.
This intermediate-range ballistic missile has been operational since 2011 and has a range of 3000-3500 km. It is a two-stage ballistic missile capable of delivering nuclear warheads. The first test for Agni III was conducted on 9 July 2006, but the test was unsuccessful. The first successful test took place on 12 April 2007.
The missile has complex navigation, guidance and control systems as well as modern on-board computer systems. Electronic systems are built to tolerate high levels of vibration, heat and noise. On 7 February 2010, a high-performance, indigenous Ring Laser gyro-based inertial navigation system was launched for the first time.
Nirbhay is the country’s first indigenously built cruise missile. The missile can be fired from a variety of platforms and can deliver both nuclear and conventional warheads. It is currently being used in limited numbers along the Line of Actual Control (LAC) amid the standoff with China. It has a range of about 1000 km and can deliver 24 different types of warheads weighing 200 to 300 kg depending on the needs of the mission.
This improved version of Agni I became operational on 17 May 2010. It is a strategic ballistic missile, and was designed to deliver a nuclear warhead. The missile has a two-stage solid fuel propulsion system with a range of 2,000 – 3,500 km.
Agni-II is 20 meters long, 1 meter in diameter, and weighs 17,000 kg at launch. It can carry a payload of up to 1,000 kg over a distance of 2,000 km, most likely a nuclear warhead with a yield of 150 to 200 kilotons. The two-stage, solid-fueled missile is guided by an inertial/GPS navigation system and is said to be accurate to 40 m circular error potential (CEP). The missile is outfitted with a sophisticated maneuver re-entry vehicle that can be equipped with a terminal guidance system.
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